US: After months of lockdown, travellers’ sense of optimism and wanderlust is surging, which is being reflected by spikes in demand for vacation rentals in markets across the United States.
The situation is all the more surprising in the country given 40 million Americans [at last count] are now facing redundancy and impending unemployment. The Bureau of Labor Statistics will release its May employment report on 5 June, but it is already predicting that the unemployment rate will have risen to 19.5 per cent from 14.7 per cent in April.
In the grand scheme of things, the short-term / vacation rental and wider travel industries have been badly hit by the Covid-19 pandemic, which has forced operators to furlough or lay off staff permanently, and in the worst cases, close down their businesses altogether.
Domestic and international travel will take months or longer to rebound due to border closures and traveller caution, which has consequently damaged the aviation industry. Occupancy rates have also inevitably dropped significantly.
Despite those alarming facts and figures, demand for vacation rental properties in hotspot destinations such as Florida, Georgia and Alabama appears to be skyrocketing. Among that total, Bloomberg has reported that 38.6 million U.S. citizens have submitted jobless claims to date, suggesting that this sharp rise in demand is being fuelled by those travellers who have enough financial security to travel and are eager to spend as movement restrictions ease.
With that, celebrations such as Memorial Day weekend, which is considered to be the unofficial start of summer in the country, bring out the tourists for celebrations, even if the circumstances this year are vastly different to what many of us have experienced in our lifetime. It is possible that the presence of this holiday in May, when vacation rental bookings are peaking towards the summer, has played a part in the decision making of some state governors to ease border and accommodation restrictions earlier than they would have done otherwise.
To understand the reasons behind the American tourism sector’s new-found optimism for the return of bookings, and to gauge if this faith is well-founded, we need to break the situation down state-by-state.
Disney World and Miami Beach, Florida
In Florida, many of the recent headlines have honed in on state governor Ron DeSantis’ perceived stubbornness to re-open vacation rentals in the state, while refusing to shut the doors of other hospitality establishments, including “hotels, motels, inns, resorts, non-transient public lodging establishments and time share projects”.
Moving to the first stage of reopening vacation rentals
On 27 March, DeSantis signed an executive 20-87 closure order for vacation rentals in order to limit the spread of the coronavirus, a stance that attracted criticism from operators who said he had “violated their constitutional rights”.
However, last week he confirmed Florida would be moving into the full Phase 1 reopening stage, which would enable vacation rentals to reopen to state residents but holidaymakers from supposed virus epicentres such as New York City will be prevented from booking properties there for the foreseeable future.
Elsewhere in the state, Miami Beach is seeing a similar spurt in bookings this month compared to April, while Disney World has just confirmed it will begin a phased reopening of its parks from 11 July and stagger them throughout the month.
The state’s tourism website reports that bookings for future dates started to pick up at the start of May and are now 90 per cent higher than at the same point 12 months ago. Compare this to April when reservations dropped by more than 80 per cent on the same point in 2019 and one can see the extensive impact the Covid-19 outbreak has had on traveller choices and uncertainty.
Key Data Dashboard chief executive Jason Sprenkle, confirmed the rise in demand in an interview with The Financial Times: “Over the last week, the demand for vacation rentals across the US has seen a huge increase, now surpassing the demand for this same period last year,” he said.
Vacation rental revenue for states
Governors will also be mindful of the revenue that vacation rentals generate in states during peak seasons. The same newspaper reported that Florida received $16.6 billion in direct expenditure from rentals in a study conducted by the University of Central Florida, but they will have also considered all of the options to ensure the safety of guests and hosts when stays are ready to resume.
Georgia, meanwhile, was one of the first states in the United States to lift restrictions on vacation rentals, as well as other services such as haircuts, tattoos and massages.
An early lifting of vacation rental restrictions
Governor Brian Kemp gave the green light on 27 May to reopen bed-and-breakfast establishments and online bookings through platforms such as Airbnb as early as that Friday [1 May]. Other businesses in the hospitality and leisure industries had already been allowed to reopen their doors before that, including dine-in restaurants, gyms and cinemas.
Writing on Twitter, Kemp said his decision to let short-term rental businesses reopen had been “based on favourable data and stakeholder input.”
However, he also urged holidaymakers to continue following social distancing and sanitisation rules “to prevent the spread of Covid-19”.
Kemp and state health officials have cited models and reporting from local hospitals that indicate a slowdown in coronavirus cases and accident and emergency visits, though diagnoses and deaths linked to the virus continue to rise in Georgia.
Alabama has been an indirect beneficiary of Governor DeSantis’ easing of restrictions in neighbouring Florida. Its beaches were experiencing a record-breaking month leading up to the Memorial Day weekend this week and occupancy rates are booming if the latest statistics are anything to go by, even eclipsing those often achieved for Independence Day on 4 July.
Occupancy rates and length of stay
AL.com reported that occupancy rates in the state are up to around 90 per cent for some vacation rental companies, compared to those below ten per cent less than a month ago. Two- or three-day stays are experiencing a steady increase in bookings, with cautious travellers seeking to escape the confines of their own home and find accommodation in a drivable destination close to a nearby beach.
A spokeswoman for Gulf Shores & Orange Beach Tourism revealed occupancies for the weekend of 15-17 May were at 74 per cent, higher than what they would usually see for the following weekend when the popular Hangout Music Festival takes place. Other firms, such as Brett Robinson Rentals and Beachball Properties, reported 96 and 100 per cent occupancy rates respectively.
The opening of beaches
The opening of some beaches next door in Florida on 1 May has itself accelerated occupancy numbers in Alabama.
According to Brian Harris, CEO and broker at Harris Vacation Rentals, occupancy in Baldwin County, Alabama, skyrocketed to 68 per cent from less than ten per cent in April, whereas in Escambia County, Florida, it remained steady at close to 20 per cent.
Lacee Rudd, a spokeswoman for Visit Panama City Beach, told AL.com that the lifting of the rental ban had paid off for the Florida Panhandle as well: “We have seen a spike in reservations, and I believe that our traditional holiday crowds will be in the destination this weekend. We’re hopeful this trend will continue through the summer.”
Will the resurgence driven by optimism last?
Kimberly Boyle, an assistance professor of restaurant, hotel and meeting management at the University of Alabama, is not so sure the resurgence in bookings will last, given the current and predicted unemployment rates which are already matching up to the peaks not seen since the Great Depression in the 1930s. Furthermore, any optimism may yet be tempered by a second wave of the virus later this year or beyond.
She said: “Unfortunately, it looks to be a sluggish season in Alabama and for the hospitality industry due to limited incomes of families and the uncertainty of a second wave of the virus this fall. When a recession hits, the hospitality industry is the first to be cut … because it’s a luxury, not a necessity.”
Labor Day data points towards a strong fall / autumn
Property management software platform Guesty has also reported on promising signs to come for the vacation rental industry in the United States ahead of Labor Day weekend, the first Monday in September marking the start of the fall / autumn, as well as an uptick in reservations in Italy and other countries around the world.
Here are the key takeaways from Guesty’s findings:
- The US travel industry has a new target date for the beginning of a strong fall / autumn: Labor Day weekend. According to Guesty’s data across all major booking channels, this appears to be the first meaningful date for domestic travel where currently, 2020 reservations are equal to 2019 at this point.
- In the US, this Labor Day will likely greatly outdo last year’s considering people are dreaming of travel, taking advantage of reduced daily rates, and are working from home, giving them the flexibility to take a domestic staycation to a short-term rental [if their state/city allows it].
- This data joins that of the holiday season: Guesty says it is seeing traveller optimism globally when it comes to the upcoming fall and winter holidays of Thanksgiving, Christmas and New Year’s Eve, with more reservations in its system compared to this time last year for these same holidays in 2019.
- The number of reservations in Guesty’s system right now for Thanksgiving 2020 is 38 per cent more than the reservations it had for Thanksgiving 2019 at this same time last year.
- The number of reservations in its system right now for Christmas 2020 is 40 per cent more than the reservations it had for Christmas 2019 at this same time last year.
- Reservations through Booking.com, Vrbo etc in its system right now for New Year’s Eve 2020-2021 is 23 per cent more than the reservations it had for New Year’s Eve 2019 at this same time last year.
Recovery is here, with USA leading in new reservations and Italy on the mend
According to Guesty’s data, here are the countries ranked by volume of reservations month to date [1-18 May 2020 vs 1-18 April 2020].
- Guesty’s data shows the USA leading in the volume of reservations with the number of new reservations created in May increasing by 87 per cent compared to April
Meanwhile, some other countries are reporting similar upsurges in reservations this month:
- Italy comes out in sixth in terms of new reservation volume, with a 130 per cent increase in new reservations in May compared to April:
- The cities in Italy showing the most new reservations are Milan and Lake Como.
- The average length of stay being booked for new reservations in Italy is nine days. This is a decrease compared to April, which saw an average length of stay in Italy of 11 days. However, this is still relatively high compared to the pre-corona average length of stay, which was four days in Italy.
- In the last two weeks, Guesty says it has seen a promising improvement, but it is still far from pre-corona levels.
- Australia comes out in second in terms of volume of bookings, with the number of new reservations created in May increasing by 41.3 per cent compared to April.
- Although the UK is in third place in terms of booking volume this month, the country is still showing a decrease in new reservations of -14 per cent compared to April.
- Canada comes out in fourth place in terms of volume of bookings this month, with a seven per cent uptick in reservations this month compared to April.
- France is falling into fifth place in terms of volume of bookings this month, with a 20 per cent uptick in reservations compared to April.
- Many European countries are planning to loosen restrictions in June and July; in most EU countries, an uptick in new reservations is yet to be seen.
New reservations [and some nightly fares] on the rise
- Booking figures for May-to-date compared to April:
- From 1-18 May 2020, Guesty saw a 66 per cent increase in new reservations globally compared to 1-18 April 2020.
- In the US specifically, Guesty saw an 87 per cent increase in new reservations comparing 1-18 April 2020 to 1-18 May 2020.
Returning to pre-coronavirus levels still appears a long way off, despite the cautious wave of optimism operators and authorities are starting to convey.
The recovery of the vacation rental industry still rests on a number of factors that are yet to be determined. A second wave in the fall / autumn could trigger another sharp rise in unemployment levels, not just in the US but all over the world. The return of heatwaves will bring people to beaches and drivable, local destinations but question marks remain with regards to what will happen when winter comes in and the impact of the flu season will become apparent.
And yet, the longer lockdowns and restrictions last, the yearning for travel has not waned, even quite probably intensified. It will still be many months before we see if this optimism was well-placed.